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Airborne Lifeboats

Catalogue number 111039

Another Fairey Barracuda with lifeboat


The Barracuda is carrying a mark II airborne lifeboat and we can clearly see the special bilge keels designed to provide handholds should the boat have to be righted. In the bomb racks under the starboard wing are what appear to be two smoke floats and on the upper surface, we can see part of the radar aerial.

Verso: "British Official Photograph (Admiralty). Lifeboat dropped from the air. Lifeboat taken at Lee-on-Solent during a demonstration of the Navy's airborne lifeboat 17ft. 9 in. long, when it was dropped by parachute to an air crew who were supposed to have forced landed in the sea. The lifeboat, self-righting and self-baling is equipped with sails and an outboard engine which gives it a range of 120 miles at 4 knots. It contains special water (sic), purifying units, first aid outfits, rations and cigarettes. Photo shows - Naval Barracuda carrying the lifeboat before the drop. 8th Sept. 1945

19.5cm x 14cm Gelatin silver print

Credit: Crown Copyright

 

Catalogue number 111036

US Air Force Boeing B17 with an A1 lifeboat


This photograph shows a Boeing B-17 of the U.S. Air Force Air-Sea Rescue unit (note the yellow and red identification band on the fuselage just forward of the tail) in 1946. It is carrying a Higgins Boat Company A1 lifeboat - 8 meters long, 1,400 kgs and two engines. The drive shaft of each inboard engine passed vertically through the botton of the hull to the propeller and we can see one protected by a wire cage just forward of the port tyre. The lifeboat is carried fixed to the fuselage and aerodynamics are ensured some degree by a rubber skirt between the lifeboat and the fuselage. After the A-1, the Americans went on to built the A-3 shown below.

Verso: "Boeing B-17H with boat. Air-sea rescue unit. Converted B-17G-95-DL. Apr 1 1946

10cm x 6cm Gelatin silver print

Credit: William Larkins

 

Catalogue number 109042

US Air Force Boeing SB-29 with an airborne lifeboat


The propeller and rudder of the A-3 airborne lifeboat was enclosed in a metal cover which improved the aerodynamics of the aircraft and lifeboat during flight as well as protecting this part of the boat when it hit the sea before being jettisoned. One problem with airborne lifeboats was that often the ditched airmen were weak from exposure and unable to swim or paddle their life raft over to the lifeboat. It was envisaged that A-3 would be radio-guided to survivors by a controller in a circling Boeing SB-29.

24.5cm x 19cm Gelatin silver print

Credit: Rudy Arnold

 

Catalogue number 109046

Launching an A-3 lifeboat


Here we can see the early stages of the release of an A-3 lifeboat during trials.

Verso:"To demonstrate new airborne lifeboat. This photo sequence shows how the new A-3 airborne lifeboat will be launched from a B-29 in its first public demonstration, Aug. 11. The 30-foot, all-metal boat, weighing nearly two tons, is the largest yet developed for air-sea rescue operations and will greatly extend the scope of aerial search. After the huge boat falls clear of the aircraft; a 100-foot parachute opens automatically, lowering it gently to the sea. Fins stabilize the boat in flight and may be jettisoned after landing. The craft is made by the Edo Corporation, College Point, N.Y. 8-6-48” “Boat Away. – A sequence of photographs showing the release of the new all-metal A-3 lifeboat from a Superfortress of the USAF. Made by the Edo Corporation, of New York, the boat is 30ft long and weighs nearly two tons. The release of the pilot drogue which drags out the main supporting parachute with a 100ft diameter canopy, can be seen in the lower picture. The dihedral tailplane is for flight stabilising and is jettisonable.”

16.3cm x 21.1cm Gelatin silver print

Credit: ACMS photo

 

Catalogue number 110014

An A-3 airborne lifeboat after dropping.


This photograph shows an A-3 lifeboat in the sea during trials, the men are attempting to free the parachute lines. The dihedral tailplane can be clearly seen and will be jettisoned before starting up the boat’s engine. The fore and aft shelters have inflated, to right the boat if necessary. The U.S. Air Force asked for lifeboat-carrying Boeing SB-29s to follow bomber formations attacking North Korean and circle over the coast ready to assist any aircraft that had to ditch in the sea. Although no lifeboat was ever launched, their presence provided a moral boost for the bomber crews.

24.4cm x 19.1cm Gelatin silver print

Credit: Rudy Arnold

 

Catalogue number 109041

Avro Shackleton mark 3 with a Saro airborne lifeboat


The mark 3 was the last in the series of Avro 696 Shackleton maritime reconnaissance aircraft and WR972 (delivered 1956, to dump in 1973) is shown here equipped with a Saro mk3 airborne lifeboat for air-sea rescue. Between 1952 and 1957, about 50 such light alloy metal lifeboats were built by Saunders-Roe although they were never used in operations and from the mid-50s onwards, the lifeboats were replaced by Lindholme gear. This was made up of five canisters, one of which contained a self-inflating raft and in the others were all the necessary survival kit. The Saro mk3 had a tail plane fitted (see just forward of the radar tub) because on release, the bow of the lifeboat had a tendency to tip down and the stern to kick up with the risk hitting the aircraft’s fuselage and tail plane. Note the Avro Vulcan landing in the left background.

Verso:"Avro P172 (sic), August 10, 1956" and "Shackleton MR.3

24.4cm x 19.3cm Gelatin silver print

Credit: Paul Cullerne, A.V. Roe & Co. Ltd

 

Catalogue number 109041

Avro Shackleton maritime reconnaisance and Air/Sea rescue


The Shackleton was first designed with 20 mm Hispano cannons on each side of the nose and in a twin 20mm cannon dorsal turret with two 0.50-inch machine guns in the tail. Subsequently the cannon and machine guns were removed only to reappear in the mark 3. During the war, machine guns and 20mm cannons in long range patrol aircraft had shown their worth when attacking submarines that wanted to fight it out on the surface. Although guns on post-war submarines were to disappear, it was decided to keep the two 20mm cannons as they could be useful in forcing a submarine to dive and then become prone to attack by depth charges. It was also considered that an armed Shackleton could be useful in colonial policing. The guns were remote controlled from the gunner position above the twin mounting. We can see the bilge strakes that served as handrails to right an upturned lifeboat and also to give a foothold for climbing into the boat.

19.1cm x 24.6cm Gelatin silver print

Credit: Paul Cullerne, A.V. Roe & Co. Ltd

 

Catalogue number 109041

Pilot's instrument panel of a Shackleton mark 3


This photograph shows the layout of the front and roof instrument panels of a Shackleton mark 3. Maritime reconnaissance and air/sea rescue involved long duration patrols over an often monotonous sea and to maintain vigilance, care was taken to make the Shackleton comfortable for the pilots and crew – ten in all.

24.6cm x 17.7cm Gelatin silver print

Credit: Hawker Siddeley Aviation Limited

 

Catalogue number 31020

Fairey Barracuda with an airborne lifeboat


There had been several occurrences of the crew of a sunken ship being found far out in the sea sailing the ships' cutter back to Britain or another friendly coast. Also, there was concern at the loss of valuable aircrew when downed in the sea. The well-known dingy designer Uffa Fox was approached to come up with an airborne lifeboat that could carry up to ten men with all the necessary emergency equipment and stores to assure their survival and radios to assist a rapid recovery. This photograph shows an airborne lifeboat fixed under a Fairey Barracuda (mk 2 or 3, see ASV radome just aft of the lifeboat). The aircraft, maybe MX613, is on an aircraft carrier - note the arrestor wires - and it would appear to be very cold - mittens, gloves and fur-lined hood are the order of the day.

The following information was taken from a similar photograph showing the same aircraft and crew: "H.M.S. Vengeance prepares for Artic Circle. 31.1.49. Preparations are going ahead aboard H.M.S. Vengeance in readiness to lead an experimental force on a cruise in the North Atlantic and Artic to study the effect of very cold weather on ships and crews. The aircraft carrier will carry jet planes and an air group specially equipped for artic flying. Two of the seamen in thier artic kit, swinging the propellor of a Barracuda aircraft, on board H.M.S. Vengeance today. (L to R). Leading-Airman F. Whitehead, Liverpool, and wearing an Anarak (sic) flight-deck suit, and Able-Airman K. Owen, Lodon, wearing an oil-skin flight deck suit.

18.1cm x 13cm Gelatin silver print

Source: Agence Intercontinentale

 

Catalogue number 30045

A Vickers Warwick adapted for air-sea rescue


The mk 2 lifeboat was usually carried by a Vickers Warwick ASR mk 1 and came into service in the summer of 1943. The strong-hulled lifeboat was dropped by parachutes into the sea and then rockets fired lifelines out from the lifeboat to help ditched airmen reach the boat.



13.3cm x 8.5cm Gelatin silver print

 
Catalogue number 31021

An Avro Shackleton for marine reconnaissance


This Avro 696 Shackleton MR mk 2 is doing a low flypast with the props of three engines feathered and an airborne lifeboat in the modified bomb bay. When on loan to A.V. Roe & Co. Ltd., WL796 gave a such a demonstration at the 1953 Farnborough air show with a Saunders-Roe aluminium-hulled mk 3 lifeboat fitted. The twin 20 mm cannons can be seen in the nose housing with the flat window of the bomb aimer below. In its maritime reconnaissance role, the Avro Shackleton could stay on station for a considerable number of hours - 18 hours for the mk 3 and up to 24 hours in special circumstances.



20.2cm x 14.8cm Gelatin silver print

Source: A.V. Roe Co. Ltd.