The Navy Landing Party

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After the defeat of the combined French and Spanish fleets at Trafalgar, the Royal Navy approached the Victorian period with no major enemy fleet to fight. The British dominated the seas, acting as the policeman of the oceans until threatened by the German naval rearmament programme in the run up to World War One. It was on land that the naval officers and sailors fought the enemy – often in colonial conflicts - and many of the later renowned Admirals won fame in land battles – Beatty was a Lieutenant in command of a gun boat going up the Nile during the Fashoda incident with France and Jellicoe was shot in the chest during an attempt to relieve the Peking delegation during the Boxer rebellion. Meanwhile, Beresford and Arthus Wilson both fought in the Sudan, the former being speared in the hand, whilst the latter won the Victoria Cross after fighting first with his sword hilt and then with his fists. Other nations also landed navy landing parties to fight in their, sometimes colonial, conflicts abroad – France in Indochina and Mexico, the U.S.A. in Mexico and the Philippines, Germany in Africa and in the Pacific.

Catalogue number 46068

Beach landing exercise


On a rather windy day and in the company of two steam picket boats, men of the Royal Navy in cutters and whalers row ashore to take part in an exercise to land a force onto a beach. Judging by the peaked caps, the men rowing are Royal Marines with sailors in charge of the boats.



13.3cm x 8cm Gelatin silver print

 

Catalogue number 110061

French landing party on the beach


A rather leisurely landing exercise is underway here. The sailors have rowed the cutters to the shore. The oars are stowed away and the mast has been unstepped. The sailors are armed with rifles.



16.9cm x 11.8cm Photograph

 

Catalogue number 36221

Landing Party in action


Things are a bit more lively in this photograph, a French Navy landing party led by several officers and petty officers is coming over the dunes, we can imagine them screaming and shouting like a wild horde.



11cm x 6.8cm Gelatin silver print

 

Catalogue number ******

U.S. Navy landing party going ashore


U.S. Navy sailors along with some officers are, in a somewhat disorderly fashion, boarding cutters to be towed ashore. The men have their backpacks, ammunition pouches and rifles. A sailor bottom right seems to be holding a Lewis gun, invented by the U.S. Army Colonel I.N. Lewis (but not adopted at first by the U.S. armed forces) and produced under licence by the British company Birmingham Small Arms.



**cm x **cm Gelatin silver print

 

Catalogue number 108042

Bayonet drill 1906


Here Royal Navy sailors are training with Lee-Enfield mk1 rifles and fixed bayonets. Notice that the sailors are bare-footed. A young Marine is looking on over by the guard rail13.2

Verso: "Postcard franked 1906


9cm x 8.4cm Gelatin silver print

 

Catalogue number 35198

Rifle drill on a battleship


A squad of ten British sailors are drilling with rifles on board a Royal Navy warship whilst other sailors look on. The model of bayonet is longer than in the previous photograph and they seem to be using the old Lee-Enfield mk1.

Recto: “With the British Navy in War-Time. (Official Photograph.) Rifle drill aboard a battleship. Passed for transmission abroad”

20.8cm x 15.6cm Gelatin silver print

 

Catalogue number 96022

Handling rifles on a French torpedo boat


Even the smallest ship would have sailors trained in the use of a rifle. Here a group of sailors are training on board a small French torpedo boat.



11cm x 8cm Gelatin silver print

 

Catalogue number 36195

German sailor with his rifle


The pronounced curve on the stock of this rifle suggests that it is a Mauser 98. The German sailor is wearing sea boots and has two ammunition pouches on his belt. The object over his shoulder is probably a canvas bed-roll.

Recto: Handwritten text in German dated 1915

7cm x 10cm Gelatin silver print

 

Catalogue number 28001

Exercise with pistols on a destroyer


These sailors on board the Austro-Hungarian destroyer S.M.S. Orjen are training with Roth Steyr pistols. This pistol was powerful and would be useful in close combat. We can see the ten-round clip feed sticking up from breech block as well as part of the bolt projecting back from the barrel.



8.9cm x 113.9cm Gelatin silver print

 

Catalogue number 51035

Strong Navy landing party


This is a good view of an over-100-strong landing party from the County class heavy cruiser H.M.S. London in Malta at some time prior to the Second World War. Three well-buffed up 12 pounder guns are shown alongside the limbers with part of the pulling strops seen in the foreground. There are several men with Lewis guns in the landing party - second man in from the right front rank, fifth man in from the left front rank, fourth man in third rank right. These men carry revolvers. Other sailors to the far rear left are also without rifles and may constitute the gun pulling party. This is quite a large landing party and it may be turned out for a ceremony or a display rather than for an exercise. There is a Lieutenant behind the middle gun and the officer in charge of the party has interesting cuff lace – two stripes with maybe a thin stripe between on a dark coloured cloth. Could this be a Lieutenant Commander, ordnance?

Verso: "HMS London" in pencil

Credit: The Grand Studio, Malta

15.6cm x 11.4cm Gelatin silver print

 

Catalogue number 54112

Naval Brigade parading, 1911


A Naval Brigade parading at the Coronation of King George V and Queen Mary, 23rd June 1911. We can clearly see the pulling parties for the two guns – four men on the shaft of the limber and eighteen on the strops. Note the Sennet hats. King George V was a Navy man and a fleet review followed the next day. Years later, at the funeral of King George V, the coffin was placed on a Navy gun carriage pulled by sailors.



12.3cm x 6.6cm Printed image

 

Catalogue number 109060

U.S. Marine Corps gun carriage, 1927


This photograph shows a 3-inch gun of the U.S. Marine Corps after being landed in 1927, probably at Tientsin, the recoil cylinder is beneath the barrel, it has a sliding breech and a gun shield. There is a hand-screw for elevation just below the breech and a gun sight mounting above and slightly forward of this hand-screw, note the rectangular cut-out in the gun shield to allow sighting.



13.2cm x 7.9cm Gelatin silver print

 

Catalogue number 109061

U.S. Marines disembarking at Tientsin, 1927


In the face of civil unrest and riots during the Northern Expedition by Chiang Kai Shek's Nationalist forces, regiments of the U.S. Marine Corps were shipped over to Shanghai in the troopship U.S.S. Henderson with the aim of protecting American citizens and property in the concessions. Part of the force re-embarked and U.S.S. Henderson sailed to Tientsin (now Tianjin) to disembark marines in anticipation of the defence of the foreign delegations in Peking. This photograph shows marines being transferred to barges prior to landing whilst the troopship was at anchor off Tientsin. Strangely, the accompanying tug is registered in Shanghai. Note the heavy lift crane at the after end of the superstructure and the stack of large boats further aft. A marine aircraft squadron was also shipped out and we can see a floatplane in the upper right background, it looks like a Vought VE-9 with a central float.



13.1cm x 7.8cm Gelatin silver print

 

Catalogue number 89 F1

Navy field gun race, 1912


The field gun race at the Royal Tournament celebrated the role of the Navy landing party in the relief of the British garrison at Ladysmith during the Second Boer War in 1899. The Royal Navy landed six naval guns and during the final stage of the journey to Ladysmith, the guns were manhandled over the rough South African veldt. The field gun weighed 675 kg and the limber 265 kg, both being taken over obstacles and raced around the arena by two competing teams much to the joy of the spectators at the Royal Tournament from 1907 onwards. H.M.S. Vivid - a training base up to 1914 - was a Navy barracks at Devonport from 1890 to 1934 when it was renamed H.M.S. Drake. Note the bulldog mascot.

Recto: “Vivid “B” Gun’s crew. Royal Naval and Military Tournament, Olympia, 1912”

28.5cm x 21.5cm Gelatin silver print

 

Catalogue number 110055

French Navy field gun


Men from the French Marine Nationale are on exercise with several field guns . Sailors are positioning the light gun, one man is holding the rammer, whilst the gun limbers are held back. The 65mm gun appears to have a rotating screw breech with no recoil mechanism.



13.8cm x 7.5cm Printed image

 

Catalogue number 55004

Landing Party aboard H.M.S. Marlborough


The British battleship H.M.S. Marlborough was steaming to Malta when this photograph of a landing party of about 30 men and three officers was taken. The officers and men have backpacks and webbing, the officer with his back to the photographer has a binocular case attached to his belt. Several of the men are looking over their right shoulder and seem to be a bit wary of the state of the sea, not without reason (see verso)!

Verso: “H.M.S.”Marlboro.” somewhere between Constantinople and Malta (note the cover for the motor car in the left background. These men were afterwards scattered by a wave which came in over the side.”

12.9cm x 7.8cm Gelatin silver print

 

Catalogue number 25048

French Landing Party on parade, 1910


This landing party is parading during the 1910 celebration of the French interventions in Mexico during the mid-1800s. Shortly after the celebrations there was a revolution in Mexico on 20th November 1910 and the President Diaz was overthrown and fled to France.

Recto: “Best Wishes. Here are the sailors that I told you about, they are from the French armoured cruiser Montcalm – prior to the official parade on 16-9-1910 in Mexico” in French and in black ink

Verso: Postcard addressed to “Monsieur Felix J……, Lyon” and marked “Via New York” and “Francia”

8,1cm x 10,1cm Gelatin silver print

 
Catalogue number 107051

Landing Party, Hong Kong, 1930s


Here is a small landing party ready for service in Hong Kong some time in the 1930s. There is a Lieutenant and a Chief Petty Officer with two long service stripes (note the small horizontal stripe of unknown origin on the left sleeve above the crossed anchors badge). The men are armed with Lee-Enfield mark 3 rifles and are from H.M.S. Tamar, named after the British floating naval base of 1897 and becoming a shore establishment in Hong Kong. Note the small dog sitting by the Chief Petty Officer.





12.9cm x 8cm Gelatin silver print

 
Catalogue numbers 70052 & 70047

On the range, Gibraltar


Top Regular training of sailors to make up landing parties was important and these two photographs show the men of H.M.S. Benbow on the firing range in 1921.

Bottom We can see the kerb indicating the safety line behind which the men must stand prior to taking up position on the range. The large basket may be for spent cartridge cases.

Top Verso: “HMS Benbow” in pencil

Bottom Verso: “HMS Benbow 21” in pencil



70052 13.7cm x 7.6cm Gelatin silver print

70047 13.3cm x 8cm Gelatin silver print

 

 

Catalogue number 102037

Rifle drill on an H.M.S. ship


Under the watchful eye of a Petty officer and a Lieutenant, a group of sailors are practising rifle firing. This may be a posed photograph because the ship is in port, there are no empty cartridges on the deck and the sailors standing up do not really have a sturdy stance for firing. Note the sailor first left crouching has no shoes on.





13.3cm x 8.3cm Gelatin silver print

 

Catalogue number 108046

Rifle shooting competition, 1932


Proficiency in firing a rifle was all-important and, as for many other skills in the Navy, was the object of competition between ships. Here the team from H.M.S. Veronica has won the Bledisloe Cup. H.M.S. Veronica was an Acacia-class sloop of the Royal Navy, part of the New Zealand Division of the Royal Navy from 1920 to 1934. Note the standard Lee-Enfield mk3 rifles and the officer in the right background wearing white shorts, black stockings and black shoes.



Verso: "Winners of “Ble(s)disloe Cup” New Zealand. 1932.” in black ink

13cm x 7.9cm Gelatin silver print

 

Catalogue number 107094

Royal Navy aid during an earthquake disaster, 1923


As well as maintaining order, Navy landing parties also performed humanitarian actions as seen here when men of the Royal Navy went to the aid of victims in Yokohama after the Great Kanto earthquake of 1923. At the time the Royal Navy maintained a military hospital and a base in the port of Yokohama.

Verso: “Yokohama” in pencil

13.2cm x 8cm Gelatin silver print

 
Catalogue number 108068

The Royal Naval Division, 1914


Such was the response of reservists (Royal Navy and Royal Marines) and volunteers to join the Royal Navy in 1914 that there was a surplus of sailors needed for service at sea. These men were formed up into an infantry division initially named the Royal Naval Division which subsequently fought in Antwerp, Gallipoli and on the Western Front. Whilst on land, the Division still retained its naval traditions and language. This photograph shows a crowd of Royal Naval Division men, many of whom appear to be very young, in, perhaps, a Royal Sailors’ Rest. Tea has been served by the ladies at the back of the hall and on the table there are copies of “The Sunday at Home” and the magazine “Ashore and Afloat”. Royal Sailors’ Rests (Plymouth had two and Portsmouth one) and “Ashore and Afloat” were the results of the remarkable efforts of Dame Agnes Weston who worked intensely for the well-being of sailors, notably by promoting temperance societies.



12.8cm x 8cm Gelatin silver print